Selected publications by subject.


"Cognitive Shortcuts and Public Support for Intervention," Journal of Conflict Resolution, forthcoming 2019.

"The Limits of Military Counterrevolution," Catalyst, Summer 2018, pp. 151-179.

"Peace before Freedom: Diplomacy and Repression in Sadat's Egypt," Political Science Quarterly, Winter 2011-2012, pp. 641-668.

"Imagining the Next Occupation," Middle East Report 249, Winter 2008, pp. 9-12.

"Can America Nation-Build?" World Politics, January 2007, pp. 314-340.


"Social Relationships and the Prevention of Anti-Christian Violence in Egypt," Middle East Journal, Winter 2018, pp. 66-88.

"Violence against Copts in Egypt," Carnegie Endowment for International Peace paper, November 2013, pp. 1-26.


"The Limited Reach of Authoritarian Powers," Democratization, December 2017, pp. 1326-1344.

With Tarek Masoud and Andrew Reynolds, "Modest Harvest: Why So Few Arab Uprisings Toppled Regimes," Journal of Democracy, October 2013, pp. 29-44.

Democracy Prevention: The Politics of the U.S.-Egyptian Alliance. Cambridge University Press, 2012, 279 pp. Arabic translation. Cairo: Dar El-Thaqafa El-Jadida, 2013.

Executive Elections in the Arab World: When and How Do They Matter?" Comparative Political Studies, July 2011, pp. 807-828.

Unrequited Moderation: Credible Commitments and State Repression in Egypt,Studies in Comparative International Development, December 2010, pp. 468-489.

Authoritarianism after 1989: From Regime Types to Transnational Processes,” Harvard International Review, Winter 2010, pp. 44-49.

Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization. Cambridge University Press, 2007, 264 pp.

"Hereditary Succession in Modern Autocracies,"World Politics, July 2007, pp. 595-628. Winner of the “Best Article Award,” Comparative Democratization Section of the American Political Science Association (APSA), 2008. 

"...And Yet They Persist: Explaining Survival and Transition in Neopatrimonial Regimes," Studies in Comparative International Development, November 2002, pp. 35-63. 

"Low Tide After the Third Wave: Exploring Politics under Authoritarianism," Comparative Politics, July 2002, pp. 477-498.  


With Tarek Masoud and Andrew Reynolds, The Arab Spring: Pathways of Repression and Reform. Oxford University Press, 2015, 352 pp. 

"Portents of Pluralism: How Hybrid Regimes Affect Democratic Transitions," American Journal of Political Science, July 2009, pp. 515-532.

"Bound to Rule: Party Institutions and Regime Trajectories in Malaysia and the Philippines," Journal of East Asian Studies, January 2008, pp. 89-118.